- The oldest record of a distillation process dates about 3600 B.C..
It was found at Tape Gowra in Mesopotamia, the instrument was 48
cm high and 53 cm in largest diameter.
The distillation pot had a capacity of about 40 liters and the distillate
collecting ring held about 2 liters.
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Advances in Moslim Technology led
the development of Moslim Pharmacology,
Sabur Ibn Sahl, 869 AD, was the first physitian
to initiate Pharmacopoeia describing
a large variety of drugs, and
remedies for ailments.
Possibly the earlies definitive work on Distillation was this six Volume Masterpiece
written by John French in 1651
its snappy title is:
THE ART OF
Or, ATreatise of the Choicest Spagyrical Preparations
Performed by Way of Distillation, Being Partly Taken Out of the Most Select Chemical Authors of the Diverse I, Anguages and Partly Out of the Author's Manual Experience Together with, The Description
of the Chiefest Furnaces and Vessels Used by Ancient and Modern Chemists also A Discourse on Diverse Spagyrical Experiments
and Curiosities, and of the Anatomy of Gold and Silver, with The Chiefest Preparations and Curiosities Thereof, and Virtues
of Them All.
As a science, distillation and fractional distillation
had to await the discovery of the physical laws of Dalton (1766-1844) and Raoult (1830-1901). After that, the science of distillation
developed at an amazing rate.