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A short history of the origins and the evolution
of the art and science of distillation
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 3600 BC
  • The oldest record of a distillation process dates about 3600 B.C..
  •  It was found at Tape Gowra in Mesopotamia, the instrument was 48 cm high and 53 cm in largest diameter.
  • The distillation pot had a capacity of about 40 liters and the distillate collecting ring held about 2 liters.
    • It was probably used to make perfumes.

<SOURCE Image >

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800 AD

  • Advances in Moslim Technology led to
  • the development of Moslim Pharmacology,
  • Sabur Ibn Sahl, 869 AD, was the first physitian
  • to initiate Pharmacopoeia describing
  • a large variety of drugs, and remedies for ailments.
 
 
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1600 AD
 
Possibly the earlies definitive work on Distillation was this six Volume Masterpiece written by John French in 1651
its snappy title is:

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THE ART OF
DISTILLATION
Or, ATreatise of the Choicest Spagyrical Preparations Performed by Way of Distillation, Being Partly Taken Out of the Most Select Chemical Authors of the Diverse I, Anguages and Partly Out of the Author's Manual Experience Together with, The Description of the Chiefest Furnaces and Vessels Used by Ancient and Modern Chemists also A Discourse on Diverse Spagyrical Experiments and Curiosities, and of the Anatomy of Gold and Silver, with The Chiefest Preparations and Curiosities Thereof, and Virtues of Them All.

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  •  As a science, distillation and fractional distillation had to await the discovery of the physical laws of Dalton (1766-1844) and Raoult (1830-1901). After that, the science of distillation developed at an amazing rate.

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