Brazil is able to operate nearly half of its cars on pure ethanol, but it would be neither
necessary nor practical to do it here at this time. All of the excess corn capacity in this country would be needed to produce
enough ethanol for a 10% blend with all gasoline. In addition, most engines need some modification to run on pure ethanol.
Fortunately, a 10% level requires no engine modification, yet still makes significant immediate contributions to carbon monoxide
51. Do we need the high-octane gasolines that the major oil companies are promoting?
An octane number is only a measure of gasoline's ability to resist pre-ignition, also
known as "knocking" or "pinging." If your vehicle does not ping or "run on" after the ignition is turned off, then you are
using a gasoline with a high enough octane number. Any extra money that you pay for higher octane is wasted, as it will not
contribute to increased mileage. Since fewer gallons of high octane gasoline than low octane gasoline can be made from a barrel
of crude, it is a poor national energy strategy to waste crude oil to produce unnecessary octane.
52. Does an ethanol blend require special handling?
Only in special circumstances. The gasoline marketer should pump any accumulated water
from the storage tank, and add a final filter to the dispensing hose. Since seasonally used small engines such as chainsaws
and outboard motors are susceptible to water contamination, it is also wise to check them for the presence of water and drain
the tank if necessary. These precautions are nothing more than good housekeeping practices, but adhering to them will assure
optimum performance of an ethanol blend.